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Ancient Rock Writing







For over one hundred sixty years we have all been told that the Indians had no form of writing. The following will challange that dismissive assessment; demonstrating the assessment to be part of a legal strategy developed by railroad attorney Lewis Henry Morgan for the purpose of taking Indian lands with little or no compinsation on behalf of his clients, the railroads, banks and mining interest of the mid and late 1800s.


In 1906 Arichbald Hill was wrong when he said "all writing represents sound". However, this author contends that all writings contain a subject and a verb. In all writings, someone or something (the subject) did (a verb)  something which was recorded. In some cases the subject or verb may be 'understood' or physically disjointed, but both elements are always present. It is incumbent upon all researchers to find the subject and verb, regardless of the difficulties, time and effort required...


The graphic above is a complete simple sentence written in an ancient Native American language known as Proto-Uto-Aztecan. It says "Group traveling", group being the subject and traveling being the verb.


The only legitmate challanges to the statement above are the Victorian Era hyperbole expressed by incensed synthesizers of modern anthropological and archaeological convention. These synthesizers, many of whom are degreeded professionals, vehemently continue to deny any legitmate forms of evidence, including any reasonable alternet interpretations of their own assemblages...they are concerned with protecting their careers, not truth or Native American History:


1.  All writing represents sound (already disproven by numerous sources).

2.  It cannot be proven the circle means 'group' or that the line means 

     'traveling' (not if you only use points and pottery for evidence)

3.  We cannot talk to the authors, therefore we cannot verify the meanings

     of the images.


While it is true that we cannot talk to the authors of the glyphs, the authors did leave us clues as to their 'intent'.  Intent, or the author's intended purpose, which can be used to extrapolate the meanings of various symbols based upon their positions on a rock face and/or within a glyph or glyph cluster. These clues are in the form of rock faces, the writing surface upon which the glyphs are inscribed. Within the Black Mountain Complex several thousand petroglyphs and two pictographs are inscribed upon 'rock faces' that assimilate both general and specific locations throughout the Complex.


The locations stipulated by the rock faces in conjunction with the context of the site, established by Native American oral tradition and archaeological record, permits us to assign primary and secondary meanings to various symbols. The assigned meanings for these symbols can then be tested against other glyphs to establish repetition and consistency across a large selection of glyphs within a specific area. This repetition and consistency can also be used across an expanding collection of sites and remote locations to establish the extent and distribution patterns of archaic writings associated with specific languages and derivative dialects.


*See Glyphs, Symbols, Context and Syntax.  Watch for developing updates, meanings and applications.



Subject         Verb
Simple Sentence
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