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“His contemporaries in Rochester would have been surprised. They knew him as a man who had come to Rochester as a young lawyer, eager, but without money. Perhaps not entirely unexpectedly he did legal work for the Elys, one of the city's prominent business families, investing his fees in some of their projects and similar interests: railroad, mining and smelting. He had come to Rochester determined to make money, and make money he did. Within a relatively short time, he amassed a considerable fortune, one that allowed him to give up his law practice within two decades to pursue his scientific studies.” (Tooker 1984)


Tooker goes on to make another revealing observation:


“Much to the despair of any who would write a full biography of his life, there are almost no papers in this collection relating to his personal, legal, business, and political affairs, and those few that are, seem to have been included accidentally. Morgan was a very private man, and either he before his death, or his wife shortly after, destroyed most of the papers not having to do with his purely scholarly interests. (Tooker 1984)


She stipulates that the papers Morgan gave the University of Rochester did not contain personal, legal, business and political information, except for a few documents which appear to have been included 'accidentally'.


What Tooker and other academics have not repeated are Morgan’s own words …


The idea of property was slowly formed in the human mind, remaining nascent and feeble through immense periods of time. Springing into life in savagery…and barbarism…to prepare the human brain for acceptance of its controlling influence. Its (property) dominance as a passion over all other passions marks the commencement of civilization. It not only led mankind to overcome the obstacles which delayed civilization, but to establish political society on the basis of territory and of property.” (Morgan: 1877)


While this book is not about Morgan, cultural change, kinship or property rights; the cultural changes caused by Morgan’s professed 'scientific' studies have had a profound negative impact on the true history of the American Indian.


Primarily, this book is about a single, twenty-five mile square complex of several thousand petroglyphs and the story they have to tell. Unfortunately, due to the misinformation published by the cultural anthropologists, most students of anthropology have been convinced that 'no body' can “read” the petroglyphs because they are not writings.  An academic contrivance perpetrated by Archibald Hill in 1906 with his famous assessment that “all writings represent sound”, which is patently untrue…but the catch phrase caught on, made the pseudo-intellectuals feel smarter than everyone else and secured funding for projects he





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